After Law No. 402/1995 was extended twice, allowing for the augmentation of the exploitation factor in hotel projects in various regions of Lebanon, particularly in plots adjacent to the seashore, this new proposal has been put forth to extend the implementation of this exception for the third time, and for an additional period of 5 years. It is worth noting that the issuance of Law No. 402 in 1995 marked a significant point, coinciding with the transfer of ownership of numerous shares in Dalieh of Raouche’s land plots to real estate companies affiliated with Rafiq Hariri (Ex-Prime Minister of Lebanon). This timing provides context to better understand the law’s background. It became apparent that the law was enacted to align with Hariri’s interests, prioritizing the creation of a zone for tourist resorts and a marina for yachts on the Dalieh ruins. Consequently, this law was framed in a manner that favored the private interests while disregarding the broader public interest. One of the notable effects of this law is the increase in construction along the seashore, which subsequently drives up land prices in the areas where it is applied. Consequently, the repeated extension of this law can be interpreted as a continued privileging of the private interests of a dominant minority over the public interest. Moreover, it establishes the notion of “exception to the law” as a primary planning tool, further exacerbating the situation.
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