مرسوم-السلامة ا-عامة

Public Safety Decree: No Guarantee for People’s Safety, and No End to the Deterioration of the Urban Environment

Decree No. 14293 relating to “Requirements for General Safety in Buildings, Facilities and Elevator Equipment, and Fire and Earthquake Prevention”.

It was amended by Decree No. 7964, which is currently in force and issued on April 7, 2012.

It was issued in the Official gazette on March 11, 2005

Decree No. 14293/2005 was issued following the state’s failure, for the period of eight years, to implement three other decrees that safeguard public safety in construction. However, several obstacles prevented its full implementation, and an amendment was issued, bearing the number 7964/2012, the issuing of which was accelerated by the collapse of the Fassouh building in Ashrafieh. The decree and its amendment specify the public safety requirements that must be applied in buildings and facilities to protect them from the dangers of fire, earthquakes, and elevator equipment. The issuance of the decree and its amendment incited progress in the field of securing public safety in buildings and facilities, but it remains an incomplete step in both its content and implementation, in terms of not considering the case of buildings constructed before the date of issuance, and therefore, leaving thousands of old buildings and historical neighborhoods without a mechanism that ensures safety, or in terms of relying on the building law that keeps maintenance and restoration responsibilities vague, and endorses demolition and displacement policies. The decree and its amendment were also part of a broader legislative and political framework that led to the deterioration of buildings and the urban environment in Lebanon, through problematic urban planning and dangerous measures taken by the state for decades – such as the Murr floor and circulars of the Ministry of Interior. This, along with the historical absence of adequate housing options needed by marginalized communities, drove people to live on floors that were gradually added on top of existing buildings, without studying their structural integrity, which exposes residents to continuous threat.

Lebanon
 
 
 

The “Murr Floor” Project Returns: The Government Provides no Solution to the Housing Crisis and Increases Speculation on Land Prices

A proposal to amend Article 66 of Law No. 144 (Budget Law).

It has been included in the agenda of the Parliament on 07/12/2021.

“Dialogue – City – People”

A Bi-monthly Series of Seminars Organized by Public Works Studio and the French Institute of the Near East

The bi-monthly public seminars, held in collaboration with «Mansion», provide a platform to connect research, applied projects, practical activities, and collective political engagement to address current issues and their intersections. We believe that …

Understanding the Right to the City and How Authorities Violate It

This article aims to analyze laws enacted by the Lebanese authorities between 2019 and 2022 in relation to the right to the city, which encompasses the right to housing, work, and other essential …

A Month After the Collapse of the Mansourieh Building

Engineering, a Profession Hijacked by the Market

In this article, we investigate the case of the collapsed building in the Yazbek-Hamoush residential complex in Mansourieh (16 October 2023), in an effort to raise necessary questions about the causes of the …

The Earthquake that wasn’t:

What if the 50s earthquake had hit Lebanon last year?

A year has passed since the earthquake that struck southeastern Turkey and northern Syria, while its waves reverberated as far as Macedonia, Greece, Lebanon and Palestine. In Lebanon, the state dealt with the …

Sahra Chouaifat Building Collapse:

The threat of buildings constructed between 1990 and 2005

Yesterday, a 5-storey building collapsed in Sahra Choueifat. As a result, about 13 families and a number of shops were displaced, all of which survived by chance. The collapse was also followed by …

Collapse in al-Meselmani building in al-‘Hayy al-Gharbi:

10 families were displaced

Part of the Al-Meselmani building, in Al-’Hayy al-Gharbi extending between Chatila Camp and the Sports Stadium, collapsed on Saturday morning. As a result, ten families who had lived in the building for about …