After an introduction to the urban social context of the city, we will focus in this text on construction permits. The latters are read as a tool used to violate social norms in the construction process, as a modification in the spatial reality of buildings and the city as a whole, and as a catalyst for creating a social stigma for those who do not fit within the clientelistic network of the dominant sectarian parties in the region. We will give examples of the practices that arise as a result of construction permits, as well as the political-spatial realities that they produce.

Read the Arabic article here.

Construction Baalbek Baalbek District Baalbek-Hermel Governorate