social value

Understanding the Right to the City and How Authorities Violate It

This article aims to analyze laws enacted by the Lebanese authorities between 2019 and 2022 in relation to the right to the city, which encompasses the right to housing, work, and other essential …

How to Protect Residents of the Neighborhoods Affected by the Beirut Port Explosion?

In the aftermath of the Beirut port explosion on August 4, 2020, residents of the affected neighborhoods in particular, have been excluded from topics related to their lives. Seeing the result of the …

Think Housing: Affordable Schemes Towards an Inclusive Beirut

Read in Arabic here.

Defending Housing Against Displacement Policies

Read in Arabic here.

Towards a Fair Tax System to Counter the Commodification of Land

Dialogue Series: The Social Value of Land

The real estate sector in Lebanon has historically been given a significant protection as one of the few productive and successful sectors in the national economy, knowing that property taxes are low and …

Defending the City Interest Against Private Property

Dialogue Series: The Social Value of Land

The social function of property recognizes the impact of private property on society. It is based on the premise that the interest of the city must prevail over individual property. This concept acknowledges …

Defending Social Spaces for an Equitable City

Dialogue Series: The Social Value of Land

Speakers in this session discuss the reclamation and preservation of social spaces threatened by real-estate speculation. They examine urban planning laws and the experiences of Bayt Beirut, Fouad Boutros, Beirut Theatre, Dalieh, and …

Beyond Cement:

Towards an Alternative Vision for Chekka and Surrounding Towns

The towns of Chekka and Koura in North Lebanon have become prime examples of what public policies in Lebanon generate. The “Green Koura” in residents’ memories sat atop an abundance of groundwater and …

Planning in Lebanon:

Manufacturing Landscapes of Inequality

Urban planning and land use maps are a reflection/embodiment of the country’s larger policy choices and economic conceptions. It is the voice and instrument of authority, as it includes the political-economic vision and …

Urbanism and Law: Master-planning in Lebanon and its Impact on People and Places

Over the past decade, many urban geographers engaged with the relation between law and geography, in an attempt to clarify the connections between these two increasingly complex concepts. In Lebanon, law has often …

Cultural Value, Agricultural Practices, and Housing Modes in Saida’s Wastani

As part of a larger study conducted for the Municipality of Saida for the urban development of the Wastani area through the “damm wo farz” project, Public Works was commissioned to study the …

Towards a Participatory Practice in Organizing the Lebanese Territories: The Zahrani Coast as a Model

In Lebanon, the national vision for economic development has always been closely tied to the construction sector. However, the emphasis on land as a source of profit has resulted in the destruction of …